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December, 2017
Volume 43, Number 4
  
16 March 2016
J.D. Conor Mauro




A child sits beside a toy rabbit in the mud at the refugee camp in Idomeni, Greece, on 15 March. The decision by Macedonia to close its border to migrants on Wednesday has left thousands of people stranded at the Greek transit camp. (photo: Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Pope appeals to leaders to open borders to migrants (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has reiterated his appeal to State leaders to open their doors to migrants. Speaking during the General Audience in St. Peter’s Square the Pope said “I like to see leaders who open their hearts and their doors” to the many migrants fleeing their countries.

Syrian Army advances in the Palmyra Hills as ISIS retreats east (Al Masdar News) The Syrian Arab Army’s “Tiger Forces” — backed by the Desert Hawks Brigade and Liwaa Imam Ali (Iraqi paramilitary) — launched a powerful assault on ISIS’ defensive positions at the strategic hills surrounding the ancient desert city of Palmyra this morning…

Syria’s Assyrians Fight Back (AINA) Assyrians, an ethnic minority, represent one small faction of prewar Syria’s 1.8 million Christian population. The Syrian government, to the exasperation of Assyrians, has never regarded the Assyrians as a separate ethnicity, instead classifying them as Arab, while Assyrians consider themselves a separate ethnic group with roots in the region dating back more than 4,000 years. Their identity is closely associated with Christianity, the faith Assyrians have followed since shortly after the religion’s beginning. Historically oppressed and underrepresented in political life, the Assyrians in northern Syria have armed themselves in an effort to protect their identity amid the chaos of civil war…

ISIS expands as Libya descends into chaos (Der Spiegel) As two separate governments wage war against each other, Libya is crumbling. ISIS is taking advantage of the turmoil to put down roots in the country…

Orissa bishops mark 30 August to commemorate Christian martyrs (Fides) Bishops of the state of Orissa, in central India, have declared 30 August “Martyrs’ Day” — the day after the martyrdom of St. John the Baptist. “We are delighted with this decision, adopted to honor and respect the sacrifice of more than 101 people who lost their lives during the anti-Christian massacres in 2007 and 2008,” said Archbishop John Barwa of Cuttack-Bhubaneswar, president of the regional conference. The Regional Conference of Bishops of Orissa has officially asked the Indian Bishops’ Conference to make 30 August a national day of commemoration…

Can the Coptic Church help solve Egyptian-Ethiopian dam dispute? (Al Monitor) The Ethiopian and Egyptian Coptic churches share close historical relations. Coptic Bishop Beeman of Nagada and Qus, who coordinates ties between the Egyptian and Ethiopian Coptic churches, has told Al Monitor that the church could play an indirect role in solving the Renaissance Dam crisis between the two countries…

Holy Land bishops discuss the agreements between Israel and the Holy See (Fides) At an ongoing assembly of Catholic leaders in the Holy Land in Amman, bishops discuss relations between the Holy See, the local churches and civil authorities, among other topics. Led by the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem Fouad Twal, the event also provides in-depth sessions dedicated to the agreements not yet signed and implemented between the Vatican and Israel, and the activity of the Society of St. Yves, a body of the Latin Patriarchate engaged in the protection of human rights…



Tags: Syria India Egypt Ethiopia Migrants

15 March 2016
Greg Kandra




A Russian fighter bomber prepares to leave the Hmeymim air base for its permanent base in Russia. On 14 March 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin gave an order to start the withdrawal of the main part of Russian forces from Syria. (Photo: TASS via Getty Images)

New round of peace talks as Russia withdraws troops from Syria (Vatican Radio) President Vladimir Putin has ordered the Russian military to withdraw most of its forces from Syria, timing his move to coincide with the launch of Syria peace talks. But Mr Putin made it clear that Russia will maintain its air base and a naval facility in Syria and keep some troops there...

Holy See: Syria experiencing crimes against humanity (Vatican Radio) The Vatican on Tuesday said it is “urgent” to begin immediately the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the population of Syria. Monsignor Richard Gyhra, the Chargé d’affaires of the Permanent Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva, was speaking at the United Nations Human Rights Council...

Russian Orthodox center nears completion in Paris (TASS) The construction of a Russian Orthodox cathedral is nearing completion in Paris with its domes to be mounted on Saturday, 19 March. The cathedral will be part of the Cultural and Spiritual Russian Orthodox Center located on Quai Branly near the Eiffel Tower. It will incorporate a French-Russian primary school for 150 school students, a library, exhibition halls, premises of an Orthodox parish and a seminary...

Iraq’s last Christian soldiers (The Daily Beast) Martin Banni is the last of his family in Iraq. The 25-year-old Christian fled his village of Keremles when the so-called Islamic State invaded the Nineveh Plains in the summer of 2014. Today he lives in a camp in Erbil, the capital of Iraq’s Kurdistan Region, while the rest of his family lives in San Diego. The thought of one day working to preserve his ancient community is what keeps him here. “Abroad we might have safety,” he says. “But we will disappear...”

Mother Teresa to be canonized 4 September (Vatican Radio) At a public Consistory held on Tuesday, Pope Francis gave his approval for the canonization of five new saints...



14 March 2016
Greg Kandra




The video above, posted online by the ISIS news agency Amaq, reportedly shows ISIS soldiers burning Christian books in Mosul. (video: YouTube)

Video: ISIS burning Christian books in Mosul (AINA) ISIS has released a video purporting to show members of its religious police burning hundreds of Christian books which it considers blasphemous towards Allah. The footage shows a militant tossing pamphlets and manuscripts bearing crucifixes on the front cover onto a bonfire in the terror group’s stronghold of Mosul in northern Iraq. It is the latest incident in which the jihadists have sought to purge society of anything that doesn’t conform to their violent interpretation of Islam. The video was posted online yesterday by its news agency Amaq...

Turkey carries out airstrikes after deadly bombing in Ankara (AP) Turkey’s air force hit Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq on Monday, hours after a suicide car bombing in the capital killed 37 people and heightened tensions with the militants...

Indian bishops: Church must leave it’s “comfort zone”> (Fides) “As citizens of the country, we put our trust in democratic values and in the Indian Constitution. Trusting in the grace, love and mercy of God, we walk to accomplish the mission that God has entrusted us. We appeal to all people of good will in India to cooperate with us for a better church and a better society.” This is how the Indian bishops expressed themselves in the final document of their 32nd Plenary Assembly, held from 2 to 9 March in Bangalore...

Gaza’s new generation of children only knows war, aggression (RT.com) If you keep depriving children from Gaza of everything, eventually some of them will join armed conflict and Israel will have no one to blame but themselves, Belal Dabour, a Palestinian doctor from Gaza, told RT...

Pope marks third anniversary of election with talk on mercy (CNS) Pope Francis celebrated the third anniversary of his election with a simple Tweet — “Pray for me” — and the usual Sunday recitation of the Angelus prayer with tens of thousands of people gathered in St. Peter’s Square. In his talk 13 March, the pope did not mention the anniversary, but focused on God’s forgiveness and mercy as he did in his first Angelus address in 2013...



11 March 2016
Greg Kandra




A Syrian man reacts as rescue workers try to pull a victim out from under the rubble of a building following a reported air strike on the rebel-held neighbourhood of Salhin in the northern city of Aleppo on 11 March 2016. (photo: Thaer Mohammed/AFP/Getty Images)

Syrian opposition says it will rejoin peace talks (AP) The main, Western-backed Syrian opposition groups say they’ll attend U.N.-sponsored peace talks with the Damascus government in Geneva starting on Monday. The groups, assembled under an umbrella known as the High Negotiations Committee, said in a statement Friday that their participation comes in response to “sincere” international efforts to end Syria’s five-year civil war. An ongoing, tentative but more-successful-than-expected cease-fire has seen a significant drop in violence across the country for almost two weeks...

Syriac Orthodox Patriarch calls on Eastern Christians who emigrate to preserve identity (Fides) The culture that the Christians in the Orient were raised into, “is undoubtedly different from the one they find in the West. This difference is observed in the difficulty which the refugees find in integrating in the western societies.” These are some eloquent thoughts contained in the Encyclical Letter addressed to the faithful by Patriarch Mar Ignatius Aprhrem II, Primate of the Syrian Orthodox Church, on the occasion of the beginning of Lent...

Suicides on rise in Gaza (Mondoweiss.net) There is a strong taboo against suicide in the Gaza Strip, where Islam is the predominant religion. But on 9 February, Rezeq Abu Setta, 38 and a father of seven, joined a growing trend in the blockaded Palestinian territory. He attempted suicide. Abu Setta was one of the estimated 80 Gazans a month who tried to or succeeded in taking their lives in January and February — an alarming increase of 35-40 percent over previous years. And some sources suggest the total may be even higher...

Dalit Christians, Muslims demand quotas in India (Vatican Radio) Dalit Christians and Muslims in India are demanding that the government ensure them quotas in jobs and educational institutions, a right enjoyed by their Hindu counterparts...

Comboni Sisters mark 50 years in Bethany (Fides) The Comboni Missionary Sisters, the only missionary institute founded in 1872 by St. Daniele Comboni, have recently celebrated 50 years of presence in Bethany, the town of Judea currently in the territory of the Palestinian State, and separated by the nearby Jerusalem because of the wall of division...



10 March 2016
Greg Kandra




In this image from last year, Syrian refugees wait on the Syrian side of the border near Sanliurfa, Turkey. A new report says a quarter million children in Syria are at risk from the
ongoing civil war. (photo: CNS/Sedat/Suna, EPA)


Report: Syrian children at risk from ongoing war (Vatican Radio) A new report from humanitarian aid agency Save the Children says more than a quarter million children in besieged areas of Syria are at daily risk from the ongoing civil war...

Iraq’s President: Christians are “original” members of our nation (Fides) Christians are “original members” of Iraq, as evidenced by the ancient monasteries scattered throughout the country. And jihadi groups, such as Daesh, have raged not only against them but also against Muslim populations, as evidenced by Muslim victims — even Sunni — and the Islamic Caliphate mosques destroyed in Mosul. This is how Iraqi President Fouad Masum, of ethnic Kurd, called the current plight of Christians in Iraq, threatened by sectarian rifts and engaged in conflict with the self-styled Islamic State that have settled in Mosul since June 2014...

‘Terror rampage’ leaves one dead, 13 injured in Israel (Haaretz) Two Palestinian gunmen who fired at an Israeli bus in Jerusalem on Wednesday morning were shot and killed by Israeli forces after a car chase over several miles. A bystander was seriously wounded in the shootout. There were no injuries on the bus. Shortly after that incident, a 16-year-old male Palestinian was shot and killed after he tried to stab a soldier at an army position near the Palestinian village of Salfit...

Bishop calls Catholic silence on Middle East “massive failure” (CNS) An American bishop has called the silence of Catholics on the ongoing wars in the Middle East a massive failure. “The most massive failure of the Catholic community at all levels in the past 20 years has been to address the question of our ongoing involvement in the Middle East,” according to San Diego Bishop Robert W. McElroy. “What is particularly fascinating and troubling is all three recent popes were clearly opposed to the wars, yet at no level in the Catholic community was there any major opposition or sustained witness,” he said. “It’s like the dog that didn’t bark...”

Direct food aid programs in Ethiopia often fail (The Guardian) Our experience in Ethiopia — and more than 40 other countries facing the world’s toughest challenges — shows that massive direct food aid programmes often fail. Direct food aid — importing emergency food rations on a large scale — overrides local efforts to produce and distribute food, and tends to damage local and national resilience rather than support it...



9 March 2016
Greg Kandra




In this image from 4 March, Apostolic Nuncio to Iraq and Jordan, Archbishop Alberto Ortega Martin arrives to visit the Ashti camp which houses displaced Iraqis who fled the violence in the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi officials say they are expecting another influx of refugees with an upcoming offensive to retake Mosul. (photo: Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images)

Iraq expects new flood of refugees (Anadolu Agency) Iraqi officials are preparing for a new wave of refugees following an anticipated offensive to retake Mosul, a senior Iraqi official told Anadolu Agency on Wednesday. “Iraqi authorities have decided to set up three refugee camps on the outskirts of Mosul,” Noureddin Qablan, deputy chief of Nineveh city council, said. “We wanted to take all the necessary measures to avoid a repetition of past tragedies...”

Heartfelt appeal of missionary in Ethiopia: “The country is dying of thirst” (Fides) Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa and one of the world's poorest. Over 400,000 children suffer from severe malnutrition and in recent months drought has severely increased. It is expected that at the end of April, some areas will remain permanently without water. “I have been a missionary in Ethiopia for almost 10 years and this is the first time the Country is dying of thirst,” says Father Christopher Hartley in a note sent to Agenzia Fides...

Promotion of lay Catholics, commitment to dialogue are priorities in India (Fides) “There is need for on-going formation for the laity to enable them to understand and to live their role in the Church,” said Archbishop Salvatore Pennacchio, Nuncio Apostolic to India and Nepal, when he addressed the Plenary Assembly of the Latin Catholic Bishops of India. “In today’s socio-political scenario,” he explained, “it is fundamental to recognise the dignity of lay Catholics and the importance of their participation in the Church. Moreover Christian testimony in a pluralistic society means commitment to fruitful dialogue among persons of different beliefs, religions and cultures...”

Who is really taking Christian homes in Iraq? (Al-Monitor) Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units grouping is taking much of the heat for the seizure of Christians’ properties in Baghdad and other provinces. But the organization is trying to counter the claims by tackling the problem itself...

ISIS threatens “apostate Putin” in new video (Newsweek) Islamist group Islamic State (ISIS) has threatened “Putin the apostate” with an imminent attack on Russian soil in a new propaganda video. Since Russia began air strikes on ISIS and other anti-government targets in Syria during the last week of September 2015, there has been a concentrated anti-Russian backlash from the group. It claimed responsibility for downing the Russian passenger plane above Egypt in October and has continued to post Russian-language propaganda videos...



8 March 2016
Greg Kandra




Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael delivers a speech during the inauguration ceremony of a new Chaldean church on the outskirts of Paris on 6 March. (photo: Matthieu Alexandre/AFP/Getty Images)

Patriarch: No ‘Christian militia’ to free land occupied by jihadists (Fides) Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I has distanced himself definitively from groups within Christian communities asserting the necessity to defend their own community rights and fight jihadists by forming armed groups...

Syrian refugees despairing after five years of war (Voice of America) Many families are crowded into small cement block units, or tents, and there is not much to do. The pressure of living that way year after year is taking its toll. “These refugees have been staying in tents, and you can imagine the issues that we have, be it psychological, or even domestic violence. You have the whole family of seven people living in a small tent,” said Tanya Kareem, head of the UNHCR sub-office in Dohuk, northern Iraq. With the war in Syria about to enter its sixth year, donor fatigue is setting in. Ms. Kareem said funding constraints are affecting what UNHCR can do for the refugees…

Remembering India’s Christian martyrs should be a priority (Crux) Pope Francis often talks about the “ecumenism of blood” that anti-Christian persecution creates, driving Christians toward deeper unity because of the realization that denominational differences mean nothing to their persecutors. There’s probably no better place on earth to make that point than Kandhamal, India…

Vatican announces consistory to approve canonization of Mother Teresa (CNS) Pope Francis will preside over a consistory to approve the canonization of five men and women, including Blessed Teresa of Kolkata, the Vatican announced. The 15 March consistory will also determine the approval of canonization of Argentine “gaucho priest,” Blessed Jose Gabriel del Rosario Brochero and Blessed Jose Sanchez del Rio, a 14-year-old Mexican boy martyred for refusing to renounce his faith during the Cristero War of the 1920’s, the Vatican said 7 March. The meeting of cardinals and promoters of the sainthood causes, also known as an “ordinary public consistory,” formally ends the process of approving a new saint…

Starving animals put up for sale at Gaza zoo (Reuters) A Gaza zoo owner is putting the last of his starving animals up for sale. Muhammad Oweida once hosted family and school outings at his zoo in Khan Younis in the southern part of the Palestinian territory. But war and economic hardship intervened to turn the venture into what is now a sad collection of 15 emaciated animals that he can no longer afford to feed. “I have to sell them in order to save them,” said Mr. Oweida, 24, sitting near the cage of a tiger who had not eaten in four days…



Tags: Syria India Gaza Strip/West Bank Indian Christians Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I

7 March 2016
Greg Kandra




Pope Francis meets with His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk, of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, on 5 March at the Vatican. (photo: L’Osservatore Romano)

Rebels clash in Syria ahead of peace talks (The Guardian) Rebels fighting to overthrow the government of President Bashar al-Assad have clashed with Kurdish paramilitaries in Aleppo, in some of Syria’s most intense fighting since a truce brokered by international powers came into effect late last month. Despite the weekend fighting, talks aimed at reaching a political deal to end the five-year conflict appear set to resume, with a top official for the umbrella opposition group saying it would likely send a delegation to Geneva...

Pope expresses gratitude to Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has written a letter of thanks and gratitude to His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk, Major Archbishop of Kiev and Head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The Archbishop, together with other members of the Permanent Synod of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church have been meeting in Rome and released a statement in which they affirmed communion with the Catholic Church. They were received in audience by the Pope on Saturday...

Archbishop Shevchuk interview: Pope shares suffering of Ukraine (Vatican Radio) After his meeting with Pope Francis on Saturday, the head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Major Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk, spoke to Vatican Radio’s Ukrainian section...

Bracing for what could be Iraq’s bloodiest battle (CBS News) For more than a year, the Iraqi military and its allies have been talking about and preparing for an operation to try and take back the country’s second-largest city from ISIS. No date has been set for an offensive to retake Mosul, which sits about 250 miles north of Baghdad, on the edge of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdistan region. But Kurdish peshmerga soldiers, who have been the most effective force against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria in northern Iraq, are getting closer...

Indian police detain three after gang torches church (PressTV) Police have detained at least three suspects after a gang attacked a church in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh, officials say. Chief Badri Narayan, a local police chief, said on Sunday that law enforcement agencies arrested at least three men over the attack, which took place in Kachna village near Raipur, the state capital of Chhattisgarh. Several women and children were injured after a group of about 50 men barged into the church during Sunday Mass...

Georgetown forum looks at rise of anti-Semitism (CNS) A 29 February symposium marking the start of Georgetown University’s new Center for Jewish Civilization took note of a precarious future faced by many of Europe’s Jews. Anti-Semitic attacks are on the rise in their intensity, and some governments seem either unwilling or unable to protect their nation’s Jews, some panelists said at the forum, “Understanding Contemporary European Anti-Semitism...”



4 March 2016
J.D. Conor Mauro




Spanish-born Archbishop Alberto Ortega Martin, the apostolic nuncio to Iraq and Jordan, blesses a woman during a visit at the Ashti camp in Erbil on 4 March. (photo: Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images)

The first-ever refugee team will be competing at the Rio Olympics (Global Citizen) For the first time in history, the Olympics will have a team made up entirely of refugees. The International Olympic Committee (I.O.C.) announced on Wednesday the creation of a “Team Refugee Olympic Athletes.” Previously, the I.O.C. has stepped up to support refugees by donating $2 million for sports projects helping refugees. And during this year’s Olympic torch journey, a refugee will also take part in carrying the torch through a refugee camp in Athens, Greece. Except for the fact that they aren’t representing any country, the refugee team will be like any other team at the Olympics. In the opening ceremony, they will be marching behind the Olympic flag in front of the host team, Brazil…

Under strain, Europe tells migrants to seek work elsewhere (New York Times) As Europe’s migrant crisis spiraled toward yet another humanitarian catastrophe, a European Union leader issued a stark warning Thursday to millions in search of economic opportunity: Stay away. “Do not come to Europe,” said Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council, which represents the bloc’s 28 leaders. “Do not believe the smugglers. Do not risk your lives and your money. It is all for nothing. Greece or any other European country will no longer be a transit country…”

In Ukraine towns ravaged by war, evangelical missionaries find fertile ground (New York Times) Maryinka, a Ukrainian-held town of apartment blocks and one-story homes outside the rebel capital of Donetsk, has become a hot spot not only for fighting, but also for saving souls. As Ukrainian forces and Russian-backed separatists carry on an almost forgotten fight in half-deserted towns like this one, despite a year-old cease-fire, several well-organized evangelical groups are staging a campaign of their own. Based on their accounts and evidence seen here, they are finding fertile ground for their efforts…

Christian town in Syria bears scars of fierce fighting (AINA) Its historic churches pillaged by militants and buildings riddled with shrapnel, the ancient Christian town of Maaloula, north of Damascus, still bears the scars of the fierce fighting that devastated it two years ago. Residents vividly recall the shock they felt when they returned to their town after it was recaptured by the Syrian army from the Al Nusra Front — Al Qaeda’s branch in Syria — and other militants in 2014…

Dalit Christians complain to Jesuit general against discrimination in church (Vatican Radio) India’s Dalit Catholics complained last week to the visiting Jesuit superior general about discrimination within the Catholic Church. Jesuit Father Adolfo Nicolas, head of the Society of Jesus, who was on a visit to India, received their memorandum on 27 February, when he met a delegation from the Dalit Christian Liberation Movement in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu…

Water wars intensify between Egypt, Ethiopia (Al Monitor) Controversy continues to swirl around the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, with conflicting reports emerging about how soon Ethiopia will begin storing water there…



Tags: Syria Iraq Ukraine Refugees Middle East Christians

3 March 2016
Greg Kandra




In the video above, a priest with the Jesuit Refugee Service in Syria expresses his hope that diplomacy can bring peace to the troubled country. (video: Rome Reports)

Syria faces massive blackout (BBC) Syria has suffered a massive power blackout across the country due to “unknown reasons,” state media said. Officials were cited as saying power had been cut in all provinces and teams were trying to determine the cause…

Iraqis seek rights for displaced Christians (Fides) While U.S. military sources confirm that the next objective in the fight against ISIS will be to take back Mosul, a petition has been forwarded by Iraqi Chaldean Raed Yitzhak to Prime Minister Haider al Abadi requesting resources be allotted to persons who fled Mosul and the Plain of Nineveh…

Yazidi refugees returning to Sinjar (The Guardian) Yazidis fled Sinjar in northern Iraq when ISIS attempted to wipe them out in August 2014. Now they are leaving refugee camps and going back to rebuild their lives in the city, which has been recaptured by Kurdish forces…

U.N.: Death toll in Ukraine conflict tops 9,000 (The New York Times) The United Nations said on Thursday that 236 civilians were killed in conflict-related violence in Ukraine in the 12-month period to mid-February, and it estimated that at least 9,160 had died since the conflict started in April 2014…

Blasphemy trials on the rise in Egypt (Al Monitor) Despite calls for reform, lawsuits that infringe on freedom of expression are still being pursued under the concept of hisbah, an Islamic doctrine involving the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice…



Tags: Syria Iraq Egypt Ukraine Yazidi





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