28 August 2013
Msgr. John E. Kozar, CNEWA’s president, celebrates Mass in our New York offices for the intentions of our donors. (photo: CNEWA)
This morning I offered Holy Mass in our New York office. I was joined in the celebration by my colleagues — and in spirit by our entire CNEWA family. Our purpose was to lift up the special intentions of our many generous benefactors.
I am deeply grateful to all of you who shared your prayer requests with me. Some of you asked me to pray for the soul of deceased loved ones, others for relief from an illness and still others for children who have fallen away from the church. Whatever you asked me to pray for, I carried your intention with me to altar and offered it up to the Lord.
My friends, I am thrilled to do this for you, because it is your generosity and your solidarity with the poor that makes it possible for CNEWA to fulfill the mission entrusted to us by our Holy Father.
It is a privilege to be able to join my prayers with yours during Mass, and I plan to continue doing this for your special intentions in the future. In the meantime, you are never far from my heart. Thank you for your continued generosity, your faith, and your prayerful support!
27 August 2013
Tags: CNEWA Msgr. John E. Kozar Donors Prayers/Hymns/Saints
A man prays during the Sunday liturgy at the Coptic Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary in the Maadi suburb of Cairo on 25 August. (photo: CNS/Dana Smillie)
As the situation in Egypt grows more troubled by the hour, people in the country countinue to be sustained by faith. Catholic News Service reports this morning on the country’s long and deep Christian heritage:
The Coptic Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary sits in a tiled courtyard a few miles outside Cairo, on the left bank of the Nile as the river bends south toward Upper Egypt.
The structure’s front doors overlook the famed river, which Egyptian Christians who pray and worship here are convinced transported Mary, Joseph and their small boy, Jesus, to safety from persecution back home.
“In those times, this was a dock area from where the boats took off for Upper Egypt. The Holy Family came here from Palestine and got on one,” explained one of the church’s five priests, from an office overlooking the water.
Like the priest, many Copts — the name for Egypt’s indigenous Christians — trace their religion all the way back to Jesus who, according to the Gospel of St. Matthew, sought refuge in their country from the wrath of Herod the Great 2,000 years ago.
Coptic tradition holds that Christ stayed in Egypt for three years and that later, around the year 42, St. Mark the Evangelist also came to evangelize in the Egyptian port city of Alexandria, before being martyred there.
Christianity continued to spread among the locals called “Copts,” a derivative from the Greek word for Egypt, and by the third century, Christianity was the country’s dominant religion. By the time the newer religion of Islam arrived in Egypt in the middle of the seventh century, Egyptian Christianity had already provided the church with some of the world’s major Christian saints and had introduced new forms of monastic life.
“The history of the Coptic Church is both glorious and tragic,” wrote Otto F.A. Meinardus in his authoritative book on Egyptian Christianity, “Christians in Egypt.” …
Tension between Egypt’s Copts and Muslims has long been a problem, but recently it has dangerously spiked, first since President Hosni Mubarak’s overthrow by popular revolt in 2011, and even more so since the military’s July 3 ouster of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
Morsi was aligned with the Muslim Brotherhood, whose members the Egyptian military is now pursuing.
Violence has surged even further since 14 August, when security forces raided two pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo, which killed hundreds of people, most of them protestors.
Church leaders and independent human rights groups have recorded attacks on dozens of churches, schools, buildings, homes and other institutions belonging to Christians. Some non-Christian institutions have also come under attack in the violence, including government and security offices.
And visit this page to learn how you can help CNEWA to help Egypt’s Christians.
26 August 2013
Tags: Egypt Violence against Christians Coptic Orthodox Church Egypt's Christians
Iconographer Ian Knowles works on a new icon for the shrine of Our Lady of the Mountain, in Anjara, depicting the risen Christ surrounded by scenes from his life. (photo: Nicholas Seeley)
The Summer issue of ONE takes us back to school, to learn about the art and spirituality behind creating icons:
The instructor is patient, demonstrating the basics again and again — how to draw a line with a brush, how to mix the paint, how to find a face in a sheet of white. “Move the paper so it’s easier to draw,” he explains. “Work to your strengths, and know your weaknesses — which is a good spiritual principle! Because what you’re doing is learning spiritual life, really — in a very practical way.”
The teacher is Ian Knowles, a British iconographer who has been working in churches and convents in the Holy Land since 2008. As an artist, he creates extraordinary, vivid images. Though hewing fast to traditional styles and techniques, his pieces can feel strikingly modern, alive with spiritual purpose. It is this, as much as brushwork and technique, that he is attempting to pass along to his students.
“The purpose of the icon is prayer,” he says. “What you need as you paint Christ is to be with him, to experience him.”
Slowly, in a few places, the holy countenance begins to come to life on paper.
It is October 2012, and this is the first class of the Bethlehem Icon Center, an initiative to train students from Palestine in the ancient art of iconography. It is a project at once modest and ambitious. The classes are small and the curriculum, highly specific. But by helping students reach a high level of craftsmanship, the center’s founders hope to create something lasting and profound: not just the seed of a local craft industry, but an expression of the Holy Land’s ancient Christian culture and its role in the development of Christian art.
“Empowering local Christians, finding a way for them to rediscover their artistic, religious tradition in a very specific way — that’s exciting,” says the Rev. Timothy Lowe, a priest of the Orthodox Church in America and the rector of the Tantur Ecumenical Institute, which is a partner of the center, along with Mr. Knowles.
Read more about Prayers in Paint in the Summer issue of ONE.
23 August 2013
Tags: Palestine Christianity Bethlehem ONE magazine Icons
In a grove near the West Bank city of Nablus, women sort olives then remove stems and leaves. To learn more about the life of a Palestinian olive farmer, check out Olive Offerings, from the January 2009 issue of ONE. (photo: Ahikam Seri)
22 August 2013
Tags: Palestine Farming/Agriculture Palestinians
Father Dario Escobar prays in the Hermitage of St. Hawqa in Lebanon’s Qadisha Valley. To learn more about the life of a hermit in Lebanon, see Marilyn Raschka’s Heading for the Hills, from the January–February 2002 issue of our magazine. (photo: Armineh Johannes)
21 August 2013
Tags: Lebanon Prayers/Hymns/Saints Priests Hermit
Boys from the Malankara Boys’ Home decide not to let a little rain spoil a perfectly good game of soccer. To learn more about the Malankara Boys’ Home, read Reaching the Young ‘Untouchables’ from the Summer 2013 issue of ONE. (photo: Jose Jacob)
20 August 2013
Tags: India Children Education Syro-Malankara Catholic Church Indian Catholics
For those bemoaning the August heat: An elderly woman braves the harsh winter in Nyírascád, a village in Hungary of 4,400 people. To read more about life in Nyírascád, read Jacqueline Ruyak’s Holding on in Hungary, from the May 2006 issue of ONE. (photo: Balasz Gardi)
19 August 2013
Tags: Cultural Identity Village life Hungary Greek Catholic Church Hungarian Greek Catholic
CNEWA President Msgr. John E. Kozar plays with students at the Atse Tekla Ghiorgis School in Ethiopia. (photo: Thomas Varghese/CNEWA)
In his story on the Atse Tekle Ghiorgis School in Ethiopia, Don Duncan points out one of the key programs contributing to the institution’s success:
Part of the school’s ethos of instilling dignity and respect among the poor children is a policy of financial contribution. While it is the only school in Addis Ababa to target the poorest of the poor, offering virtually free education, the school does require an annual contribution of $5 — $3.50 for a uniform and $1.50 for tuition.
“These contributions change nothing for us financially,” says Sister Mary, “but what is important is that the families make some kind of contribution, for the dignity of the child and the dignity of the family. We don’t believe in hand-outs.”
In extreme cases of destitution, contributions can be waived. The school is also helping a handful of families with rent assistance, to coax them away from sending children out to work and encourage them instead to send them to school. Still, these gestures are always done in exchange for help in the school — a weekly chore of cleaning a classroom, for example, undertaken by a member of the beneficiary’s family.
The $1.50 contribution toward tuition covers a feature unique to this school: a free lunch for every student each day.
“It’s very important for most of the children,” says Sister Baleynesh Wolteji, an Ethiopian who took over from Sister Mary as principal in 2011. “Their parents are often beggars in the streets and most of these children come to school without having breakfast. So to get one meal a day is very good for them and, in addition, it enables them to concentrate on their studies.”
The menu is simple: rice on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday and injera, an Ethiopian flatbread, on Wednesday and Friday. Along with education and the clean and safe surroundings of the school, the daily meal contributes to the school’s high attendance rate.
It may also be a key to the students’ excellent academic record. In the past 10 years, only one of the students has failed the state exam required at the end of eighth grade. And Sister Mary explains that this “failure” had an excuse of sorts: The student was absent frequently to care for a handicapped sister.
To learn more, read ‘It’s Not Just Talk and Chalk,’ appearing in the Summer 2013 issue of ONE.
14 August 2013
Tags: Ethiopia Children Education Poor/Poverty Catholic education
Supporters of deposed Egyptian President Muhammad Morsi carry a protester injured during clashes with riot police and the army in Cairo on 14 August. At least 95 people were killed nationwide, many of them during the assaults on sites where Morsi supporters are holding vigils. (photo: CNS/Asmaa Waguih, Reuters)
The situation in Egypt is becoming more volatile and dangerous, with reports circulating today that churches are under attack. From the Washington Post:
Amid the fierce clashes taking place in Cairo, numerous reports and images are emerging of churches that have been attacked and burned elsewhere in the country.
Egyptian news Web site Mada Masr has some details on the attacks:
In Sohag [a city on the west bank of the Nile 245 miles south of Cairo], Bishop Moussa Ibrahim of Mar Girgis told Mada Masr that the church was set ablaze by Muslim Brotherhood supporters at 9:30 am in the absence of police forces, despite repeated threats against the church.
The biggest church in the governorate, Mar Girgis is located in Thakafa Square near the Brotherhood sit-in. Three other small churches were also attacked in Sohag but Ibrahim could not confirm the extent of the damage.
A Coptic resident living near the church told Mada Masr that shops owned by Copts and Muslims in front of the church were destroyed. Live shots were heard in the area as citizens began forming popular committees.
There are additional details, and images that purportedly show destroyed churches, at the link.
13 August 2013
Tags: Egypt Violence against Christians Copts Sunni Arab Spring/Awakening
An Egyptian girl wants a closer look at Verbo Encarnado Sister María de la Santa Faz. (photo: Mohammed El-Dakhakhny)
Several years ago, we reported on the remarkable work being undertaken by a congregation of sisters in Egypt seeking to help some of the poorest children in the country:
Amira still does not talk much, except with her eyes. A year after the sisters took her in, the 3-year-old is still recovering from the hell that was her home. Now her brown eyes are full of life and her expressive eyebrows, lifting and furrowing, say what she cannot: that she has been rescued, that she is lucky and that somehow she knows it.
Amira is from the dusty Egyptian town of Dekhela, near the coastal city of Alexandria. Here, the sisters of the Verbo Encarnado (Incarnate Word) Congregation, who hail from South America, have set up two homes for girls who used to live on the streets.
Some of the girls, like Amira, have escaped abusive families. Others seek an education, while some just want regular meals and a warm bed.
While the congregation’s Egyptian community is based in Cairo, “the smaller towns are where people really need help,” says Father Maurizio, one of the founders.
Father Maurizio helped set up the mission in eight years ago and was the first priest from the congregation to live permanently in the country.
“We wanted to learn more about this part of the world,” he says. “We recognize the value of Islam, but we also wanted to help support the Christian community.”
Approximately 10 percent of Egypt’s population is Christian, mostly Coptic Orthodox. Coptic and other Eastern Catholics number about 300,000 persons. Other Christians include Greek Orthodox and evangelical Protestants.
Whatever their faith community, most Egyptians live difficult lives far from the modern bustle of Cairo or the colonial grandeur of Alexandria.
The national average daily income is just over $10 a day. About 23 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Due to overpopulation, a weak economy and high unemployment, the challenges facing Egypt’s youth are daunting.
Sister María Guadalupe, the superior of the community in Egypt, says the situation in Dekhela is especially bad. The town is poor; there are few social services.
“These girls were living with their families in one room,” she says. “No bathroom, no kitchen, just one room. Sometimes there would be a bed and that’s all. So the girls were spending all their time in the street.”
Many families consider education for girls a luxury rather than a necessity, she says. While some girls complete grade school, many are kept at home where their mothers teach them household duties. Such traditional attitudes prevail in both Muslim and Christian communities.
Read morea about Building a Brigher Future in Egypt in the November 2004 issue of ONE.
Tags: Egypt Children Sisters Education