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Current Issue
June, 2018
Volume 44, Number 2
  
16 April 2018
Greg Kandra




Internally displaced Syrians wait in line for food 15 April at a camp outside Damascus. The United States, France and Britain launched airstrikes 14 April against Syria, with the stated aim to punish President Bashar Assad for an alleged chemical attack against civilians. (photo: CNS/Ali Hashisho, Reuters)



Tags: Syria

16 April 2018
Greg Kandra




The video above shows the aftermath of the airstrikes on Syria that were conducted Saturday. The strikes were condemned by three patriarchs in the region. (video: CBS News/YouTube)

Patriarchs condemn attack on Syria (Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch) “We, the patriarchs: John X, Greek Orthodox patriarch of Antioch and all the East, Ignatius Aphrem II, Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch and all the East, and Joseph Absi, Melkite-Greek Catholic patriarch of Antioch, Alexandria, and Jerusalem, condemn and denounce the brutal aggression that took place this morning against our precious country Syria by the U.S.A., France and the U.K., under the allegations that the Syrian government has used chemical weapons…”

Pope renews his appeal for peace in Syria (Vatican News) At the Regina Coeli on Sunday, Pope Francis once again appealed for peace in Syria. “I am deeply troubled by the current world situation,” the pope said, “in which, despite the instruments available to the international community, there is still difficulty in agreeing to a common action in favor of peace in Syria and other regions of the world…”

Syrian refugees in Lebanon respond to missile strikes (The Daily Star) In parking garages and informal housing south of Sidon city, Syrian refugees gathered around televisions and mobile phone screens throughout Friday night, waiting for any news of an expected international missile strike on Syria. By Saturday afternoon, these refugees were weighing what the strikes meant to them as Syrians, after the United States, France and Britain struck Syrian targets with more than 100 missiles early in the morning, in a move that threatened to further destabilize their home country — and neighboring Lebanon…

Pope accepts resignation of Ukrainian Archbishop Stefan Soroka of Philadelphia (Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy) On Monday, 16 April 2018, the Vatican Information Service announced that the Holy Father has accepted the resignation for medical reasons of Most Rev. Stefan Soroka, archbishop of Philadelphia for Ukrainians and metropolitan for the Ukrainian Catholic Church in U.S.A. Pope Francis has declared the Archeparchy of Philadelphia as “sede vacante.” Most Rev. Andriy Rabiy has been appointed by Pope Francis as the apostolic administrator of the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia until the appointment of the new archeparch…

Indian bishop honored (Vatican News) A Catholic bishop serving in a corner of the remote northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, was honored on Friday with the Bharat Gaurav (India Pride) Award in a ceremony in London in recognition for his contribution in the field of education, healthcare, culture, environment and development of the local people. Sanskriti Yuva Sanstha, an NGO with the vision of promoting Indian culture and society, honored Bishop George Palliparambil of Miao Diocese with the Sixth Bharat Gaurav Life Time Achievement Award at the prestigious House of Commons in the British Parliament...



Tags: Syria Syrian Conflict

13 April 2018
Greg Kandra




To conclude this week, we want to share an interview from 2013 with our president, Msgr. John E. Kozar, in which he reflects on the tremendous impact of religious sisters in the world CNEWA serves. “They are on the front lines,” he said — and this inspiring video illustrates that beautifully.

A conference at the Vatican this week underscored the importance of sisters:

How can the work of women religious in justice, peace and anti-trafficking efforts be more effectively included into policies at government and international level?

That question was at the heart of a seminar on Wednesday organised by the U.S. Embassy to the Holy See, together with the International Union of Superiors General and Solidarity with South Sudan.

Participants spoke of the work of sisters serving in Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East, seeking to build peace and to empower other women in some of the most deprived and violent countries and socio-economic contexts.

Sisters working to combat trafficking, prostitution and the insidious cyber porn industry, talked of the need to educate girls and boys, as well as working together with governments and all sectors of society to protect the victims and prosecute the perpetrators.

Other sisters shared dramatic and moving stories of staying alongside those who suffer in wars and conflicts, sometimes being targeted, robbed, raped or even killed themselves.

You can see more examples in the March 2018 edition of ONE — with stories of religious sisters ministering to people in a variety of ways in Jordan, Iraq and Ethiopia.

But check out the video below for an intimate glimpse at these dedicated women.



Tags: Sisters human trafficking

13 April 2018
Greg Kandra




Bekele Haile, Tigist Zeleke, Zeritu Bulti and Fita Tulu minister to prisoners outside of Addis Ababa. Learn about the way lay ministers are bringing faith and hope to prisoners in Ethiopia in the March 2018 edition of ONE. (photo: Don Duncan)



Tags: Ethiopia Catholic

13 April 2018
Greg Kandra




In this image from July, a boy carries his belongings in Mosul, Iraq. Iraqi officials say hundreds of Iraqis who returned to their homes have started going back to Kurdish refugee camps, because their homes are uninhabitable. (photo: CNS/Thaier Al Sudani, Reuters)

Russia warns of ‘dangerous’ escalation over Syria (BBC) Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said a reported chemical attack in Syria was staged by foreign agents. The U.S. and France have said they have proof it took place, and, alongside the U.K., they are considering launching military retaliation against Syria. Russia, a Syrian ally, has warned the U.S. that air strikes risk a new war…

Finding homes unlivable, some Iraqis return to camps (Voice of America) Hundreds of displaced Iraqis who returned to their homes after the defeat of the Islamic State are now going back to Kurdish refugee camps, due to a lack of services and an impasse in reconstruction, Kurdish and Iraqi officials said. Falah Mustafa Bakir, the Kurdistan region’s foreign relations minister, has announced that about 4,000 displaced civilians mostly from Nineveh province, who went back to their homes after the Iraqi victory over IS last year, have returned to Kurdish refugee camps since January…

Two years on, refugees who flew with the Pope are living the dream (Crux) Since the European refugee crisis broke out in late 2014, more than 500,000 men, women and children have arrived in Italy, most of them on rickety and sometimes lethal boats crossing the Mediterranean, fleeing war, poverty and chronic instability, but others on foot, in vehicles, even on horseback. Only 12, however, can say they flew into il bel paese with the pope…

Indian religious leaders vow to fight hate (UCANews.com) More than 1,500 religious leaders in India concluded a two-day conclave resolving to reach out to the masses with true teachings of their faiths to check increasing religion-based hatred and violence. Representatives of various sects of the Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Jain and Buddhist religions and sexual minorities attended the event on 11-12 April in Indore. It was jointly organized by three organizations working for religious harmony…

Dispute over St. Thomas’s visit to Kerala (The Times of India) Another controversy has erupted in the Syro Malabar Church. This time around, the ruckus is over the historical validity of the claim that St. Thomas the apostle had visited Kerala…



Tags: Syria Iraq India Refugees

12 April 2018
Elias D. Mallon, S.A., Ph.D.




Seminarians at St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary in Vadavathoor, a small village in the southwestern Indian state of Kerala, study on campus for an exam. (photo: Meenakshi Soman)

While the word “formation” may not be familiar to most Catholic Christians — at least, not as an educational term — it is very familiar to seminarians and members of religious orders. The current edition of ONE is focused (as the cover notes) on the subject of “Forming the Future,” so this is a good opportunity to explore just what that means and how “formation” figures in both the Church and the mission of CNEWA.

Since Vatican II there has been a lot of discussion about the word “formation” — not the concept — questioning whether it is the best expression of what it is trying to convey. For many members of religious orders “formation” seems to imply too much passivity. A young priest or religious just sits back and “gets formed.” Unfortunately that has sometimes been the case, producing people who are often lacking in initiative and openness. In one of his talks, Pope Francis — who, in his many years as a Jesuit, has witnessed both the strengths and weaknesses of religious formation — spoke of formation sometimes creating “little monsters.” I think many of us who spent years in religious life can recall some of the “little monsters” in our past. While the discussion about the appropriateness of the word formation goes on, the concept behind it is accepted by all.

Although CNEWA does not engage in actual formation — we do not staff or run seminaries, novitiates, etc. — we are, nevertheless, deeply involved with it in the areas where we work. This week and next, we will look at two different but related types of formation: the formation of clergy and religious and the formation of lay people. We will also see how CNEWA is involved in both.

When a person enters a seminary or a religious order, there is a long process of formation which extends anywhere from four to ten years. The religious goes through different stages of membership in the community; the seminarian has increasing involvement in the diocese where he will serve. Formation involves personal growth, spiritual discernment and learning. For seminarians and most religious there is a lengthy, multi-year program of academic studies in philosophy and theology with required courses and electives. For most seminarians, this program covers a minimum of four years.

While academic studies are extremely important — a primary principle of pastoral practice is to know what you’re talking about-- they are not the only element. Members of religious communities learn about the “charism” of their order. The “charism” is, among other things, the special spirituality of the community and the special aspect the community brings to the people it serves. Both seminarians and religious have to learn how to live authentically and as adults among the people we are called to serve.

Among other things, the formation of seminarians and religious helps them to deal in a healthy way with celibacy and how one serves credibly and with sensitivity in a community where most believers are not celibates. They learn how to be what St. Paul calls “all things to all people so that they may be saved” (1 Cor 9:22-23).

While the word “formation” may or may not be the most appropriate, the goals it seeks to achieve are extremely important. Formation programs provide the service corps of the Church. They produce clergy and religious who are educated, articulate, pastorally committed and authentic. While clergy and religious are not the only people involved in the Church’s mission (as we shall see next week), they form a critical part.

It should be obvious that formation programs require that local churches and religious communities commit a great deal of resources to them. Somewhat crudely put: good formation programs are not cheap. They requite residences, faculties — people who teach and inspire — and books, to name just a few. In all the regions from southern India to Eastern Europe, the Middle East and northeast Africa, CNEWA helps the local church educate, train, prepare — in a word, form — the leaders of the Church of the future.

It is a long-term investment that literally takes years to bear fruit. However, the future of Christianity depends upon it.



Tags: Seminarians Vocations (religious)

12 April 2018
Elias D. Mallon, S.A., Ph.D.




A statue of the great Jewish philosopher Maimonides stands in a courtyard in Córdoba, Spain, the city where he was born. (photo: Jerzy Kociatkiewicz/Wikimedia Commons)

Sometimes things come into my mind and I have no idea what triggered them. Today is Yom HaShoah, the day remembering the murder of six million Jews in Europe during the Holocaust. For some reason, this day reminded me of the famous “Ladder of Maimonides” or “Ladder of Justice/Righteousness.” Maimonides (1135-1204) was born 800 years before the Holocaust, and so I do not know how or why my brain would have made that connection.

Nevertheless, Maimonides is an example of many things. Living in Moorish Spain, he was part of an extraordinarily open and tolerant society. In what is called convivencia, literally “living together,” Jews, Muslims and Christians lived together in mutual respect. Each faith tradition made its unique contribution to the overall good of society.

Moses ben Maymun (in Arabic Musa bin Maymûn, and Greek Maimonides) was born in Córdoba, one of the most important cities in the world in his time. Maimonides is affectionately known as Rambam (from Rabbi Moses Ben Maymun) by Jews to this very day. Like many of the great figures in the Middle Ages, he was a man of many skills. He was a physician, a rabbi and a philosopher.

He engaged in the theological and philosophical discussions of his day. His book, “Guide for the Perplexed,” is an attempt to show that religions — in his case, Judaism — were not merely superstition but were built on reason.

However, it was Maimonides’ famous “Ladder of Justice/Righteousness” (sometimes called the “Eight Levels of Charity”) that came into my head this morning. In eight simple steps, he described how humanity climbs from injustice to justice, toward a greater spirit of charity. It is a model for building a more just and compassionate society. In a world of suffering, injustice, displacement and dehumanizing poverty, people of good will are struggling to alleviate the suffering of our fellow human beings. CNEWA works in many parts of the world — the Middle East, Africa, India — where these issues seem overwhelming and almost insoluble.

Perhaps today, Yom HaShoah, a moment when we reflect on one of the greatest injustices of modern history, is a fitting time to recall this great Jewish philosopher, as he reminds us what comprises justice and righteousness — and challenges us to better reflect that in our world today.

Maimonides’ “Ladder of Righteousness”:

  1. The person who gives reluctantly and with regret.
  2. The person who gives graciously, but less than one should.
  3. The person who gives what one should, but only after being asked.
  4. The person who gives before being asked.
  5. The person who gives without knowing to whom he or she gives, although the recipient knows the identity of the donor.
  6. The person who gives without making his or her identity known.
  7. The person who gives without knowing to whom he or she gives. The recipient does not know from whom he or she receives.
  8. The person who helps another to become self-supporting by a gift or a loan or by finding employment for the recipient.



Tags: Jewish Holocaust

12 April 2018
Catholic News Service




A Syrian child evacuated from Douma reacts upon arrival 11 April in Aleppo, Syria. Lebanese Cardinal Rai appealed to world leaders to stop the war in Syria and to work for comprehensive peace through diplomatic means. (photo: CNS/Aref Tammawi, EPA)

Maronite Catholic Patriarch and Lebanese Cardinal Bechara Peter appealed to world leaders to stop the war in Syria and to work for comprehensive peace through diplomatic means.

“As the great powers are beating the drums of a new war against Syria, we regret the absence of a language of peace from the mouths of senior officials in our world today,” he said, in an address 12 April directed to the international community.

In reference to the stance of world leaders toward Syria, the cardinal said, “Most tragically, their hearts are devoid of the slightest human emotion toward the millions of innocent Syrians who have been forced to flee their land under the fire of war, its crimes, destruction, terror and violence.”

“We appeal to the conscience of the great powers and the international community to work to end the war and to bring about a just, comprehensive and lasting peace through political and diplomatic means — not military,” the church leader stressed.

“The people of the Middle East are entitled to live in peace and tranquility. The declaration of war is very weak,” he said, adding that peacebuilding is the ultimate in heroism. “Among the great powers, you will remember that we all know how to start wars, but we do not know how they end.”

Noting that Lebanon has hosted more than 1.1 million refugees, or nearly half of its population, “at a time when most European countries have closed their doors,” Patriarch Bechara Peter continued: “We ask today, did these countries which are beating the drums of war bear a fraction of the hardship due to the displacement of the Syrian population?”

The patriarch’s appeal came amid threats of military retaliation against Syria over the alleged use of chemical weapons against civilians in the Ghouta region.

U S. President Donald Trump has said that “missiles will be coming.” But on the morning of 12 April, Trump tweeted, “Never said when an attack on Syria would take place. Could be very soon or not so soon at all!”

Opponents of unilateral U.S. action schedule an emergency closed-door meeting of the U.N. Security Council 12 April, and Britain also scheduled an emergency Cabinet meeting, the Associated Press reported.



Tags: Syria United States Maronite Patriarch Bechara Peter Syrian Conflict

12 April 2018
Greg Kandra




Bishops Samuel Mar Irenios and Yoohanon Mar Theodosius have been elected coadjutor bishops for the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church in India. (photo: Vatican News/Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)

Two co-adjutor bishops elected in India (Vatican News) The Synod of Bishops of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, headquartered in India, has elected two coadjutor bishops. Auxiliary Bishop Samuel Mar Irenios of Trivandrum has been elected Coadjutor Bishop of Pathanamthitta, while Bishop Yoohanon Mar Theodosius, the Curial Bishop of the Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum has been elected the Coadjutor of the Diocese of Muvattupuzha, both in the southern state of Kerala…

U.S. embassy move to Jerusalem stalled (Haaretz) The conversion of the American consulate in Jerusalem into an embassy was exempted from needing a building permit, and a contractor has been chosen to do the work, but the chances of it being completed by Independence Day are slim, TheMarker has learned. The reason is that no funds have been committed for building a wall around the embassy, one of the main safety precautions demanded by the Trump administration…

‘Greater Jerusalem means no churches and no mosques’ (Al Jazeera) Palestinian interfaith officials have warned against monopolizing the city of Jerusalem by the Israeli government and the effects that would have on Christianity and Islam. Hanna Issa, secretary-general of the Palestinian Authority’s Muslim-Christian Committee said that more than 95 percent of Jerusalem had already been “Judaized” by Israel, and that “Greater Jerusalem” would alter the city’s identity and importance to Christians and Muslims…

Syria’s refugee children: futures lost to war (Al Jazeera) Muzoon Almellehan would be an ordinary Syrian girl from Deraa, south of Damascus, dreaming of a future as a journalist, if war hadn’t forced her family of six to flee her home country in 2013. But Muzoon, 20, is no ordinary girl. For the past five years, living as a refugee, she spearheaded a campaign to promote the right of refugee children to an education. She kicked her mission off at the age of 14 in a refugee camp in Jordan, after several of her schoolmates dropped out of school to be married off as child brides…

Syrian refugee describes his flight from ISIS (CNS) A middle-of-the-night phone call — then another — alerted Gabriel Jabbour to the threat. Reluctantly, he packed a few belongings and $3,000 in cash, and fled from Syria with his wife to avoid being publicly executed by Islamic State militants. Now living in Omaha, Jabbour shared the story of his narrow escape and the Catholic faith that sustains him…

The last Greeks of Addis Ababa (Al Jazeera) “Did you know that Ethiopia gets its name from the Greek word Aethiopia, first used by Homer?” Greek Ambassador to Ethiopia Nikolaos Patakias says proudly. Sitting in his office in the capital Addis Ababa, Patakias shows an ancient Greek romantic novel, The Aethiopica. It’s a love story about the relationship between the daughter of the queen of Ethiopia and a Greek descendant of Achilles…



Tags: Syria Ethiopia Jerusalem Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

11 April 2018
Greg Kandra




Sister Noora Sabah prays with children preparing for First Communion in a church in a displaced persons camp in Ain Kawa, near Erbil. (photo: Paul Jeffrey)

In the March 2018 edition of ONE, Sister Clara Nacy, superior general for the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena, writes of life among the displaced in Iraqi Kurdistan:

During the years of displacement, our sisters worked at every camp for internally displaced persons. We led Christian catechism programs and activities. With the help of CNEWA and other organizations, we were able to distribute different items — such as clothing, mattresses, milk and diapers, etc. We felt that it is our responsibility to help our people. We ourselves were displaced, also, which helped us understand the needs of displaced families; we knew what they were going through.

Through it all, we drew strength from prayer, both individually and as a community. Believing God is always with his people, we trust he will never leave them alone, no matter what happens. We never felt abandoned, seeing the hand of God in all the organizations that have helped us care for the displaced families. People of good will were always around, showing God’s loving care. Our sisters appreciated very much this support and encouragement as we carried on our ministry…

We sisters have our own struggles, of course. We have asked different speakers to help us cope with the situation, spiritually and psychologically. We are grateful to all those who have risked their lives and have come to show solidarity and offer their knowledge.

Deep down, we believe our main help is the Risen Lord around whom we gather in every Eucharist. This unites us with the Christ and enables us to endure. Sharing with one another our difficulties gives us the opportunity to reflect and support one another. We have lost much, but we still have each other. And that is of great help.

Read more of her Letter from Iraq in the current edition of ONE.



Tags: Iraqi Christians Sisters





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