10 March 2016
St. George Cathedral in Lviv was the site of the 1946 meeting that forced the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church underground for over 40 years. (photo: John E. Kozar)
Today marks a significant and tragic anniversary for the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.
Seventy years ago today, 10 March 1946, the church was brutally liquidated by Stalin’s regime, when the territories of western Ukraine fell under Soviet rule.
The liquidation campaign was orchestrated by the Communist regime as a process of reunification of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church with the Russian Orthodox Church. A special “synod” was held at St. George’s Cathedral in Lviv; about 200 local Ukrainian Greek Catholic priests were coerced to participate. The synod did not have any ecclesiastical legal validity since none of the Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs took part in it; by then, most of them were either under arrest or already in concentration camps. But at this meeting, it was decided that the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church would break its ties with the Holy See and that it would be absorbed by the Russian Orthodox Church.
From that point, all clergy and religious who refused were subject to persecution by state authorities. All Ukrainian Greek Catholic bishops, along with most of the priests and religious, suffered harsh oppression by the authorities for not giving up their Catholic identity and for staying loyal to their faith and the pope. As a result, from 1946 till 1989, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church — numbering about 2,000 clergy and several million members — was forced underground.
Among the priests who stood up to the regime and refused to acknowledge the validity of the synod’s decisions was my late grandfather, Adam M. Morawski. Despite numerous threats to his life from the communist regime, he continued to minister to his flock as a Catholic priest. In 1949, he and his family were arrested and deported to a labor camp in Krasnoyarsk region in Siberia. After nine years in labor camps, they were allowed to leave Siberia. Father Adam continued to minister secretly as an underground Catholic priest in Soviet Ukraine for the rest of his life. He died in 1982, several years before the church was legalized with the collapse of the Soviet Union. I admire him for his principles, strong faith and his loyalty to the church.
This sad anniversary is a strong reminder that throughout history Catholic Eastern churches have paid a very high price for their Catholic identity — and that they are a great gift to the universal church.
To learn more about how Ukraine’s church is being revived today, read Out from Underground in the Autumn 2015 edition of ONE. And to support Catholics in Ukraine as they work to rebuild their church, visit this giving page.
10 March 2016
Bishops from the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church meet with Pope Francis at the Vatican
on 5 March. (photo: L’Osservatore Romano/Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church)
After meeting with Pope Francis on 5 March, the Permanent Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) issued a statement which, in their words, “reflects the position of our Church on the current situation in Ukraine.”
The statement reads in part:
The UGCC has demonstrated with its very blood its solidarity with the Bishop of Rome and the worldwide Catholic communion. Now, during the Year of Mercy, is the time for the Catholic Church to bring the healing balm of mercy to their suffering brothers and sisters in Ukraine in reciprocal solidarity. The Ukrainian people are proving their commitment to European values of human dignity and the rule of law. Now is the time for Europe to understand that if it does not stand up for these same values in Ukraine, they become endangered throughout the continent. This is a time to confirm what the nations of Europe and its religious communities hold most dear; a time to see whether the blessings of freedom and prosperity that Western powers and societies enjoy might be shared more fully with a long-suffering people.
The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church ceaselessly prays for and promotes peace, and in Rome its leadership appealed to the Holy Father and to the world to help stop the war and stem the humanitarian crisis caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. For Ukrainians who belong to different Churches and religious organizations and even secular citizens, the Holy Father is a global moral authority who speaks the truth. This voice of truth is particularly important for the suffering people of Ukraine. If the people do not hear or understand this voice they becomes confused, anxious and feel forgotten.
“The people are suffering, Holy Father, and they await your embrace, the active support of the Catholic communion and all people of good will” was our word. His Holiness made it clear that he would act. It was most important that on the eve of the sad anniversary of the Pseudo-synod of Lviv Pope Francis wholeheartedly acknowledged the faithfulness and heroic witness of generations of Greek Catholics. He prepared a warm pastoral statement calling the events of March 1946 by their proper name. The Holy Father emphasized that one cannot solve ecumenical problems at the expense of an Eastern Catholic Church.
We hope that His Holiness will initiate and support new steps to help relieve the dire hardships endured by millions of Ukrainians, that he will speak out on their behalf and encourage international aid. The UGCC stands ready to facilitate responsible, transparent, ecumenically sound administration of international assistance, serving the Ukrainian population without regard to ethnicity, political or linguistic preferences or religious affiliation. We are ready to cooperate in a well-coordinated plan that includes governmental and non-governmental bodies in order to lift the suffering out of their need, meeting both short-term and enduring needs of those affected by the humanitarian crisis caused by the invasion of Ukraine. Enough of this suffering! It can be prevented. It can be healed. Let us make the “Year of Mercy” a reality for the people of Ukraine.
Read the full document here.
10 March 2016
Children receive oxygen at a hospital in Taza, Iraq, on 9 March, after ISIS militants fired mortar shells and rockets filled with “poisonous substances” into their village.
(photo: CNS/Stringer, Reuters)
A new report states that Christians and minorities in Iraq, Libya and Syria are victims of genocide carried out by ISIS.
CNS has details:
The 278-page document was released March 10 in Washington, a week before a congressionally mandated deadline for the Department of State to announce if genocide was being committed against religious and ethnic minorities in the Middle East and North Africa by the Islamic State.
It argues that the case for genocide exists and called on Secretary of State John Kerry to make such a declaration and to include Christians in it.
The report contains dozens of statements collected from 22 February through March 3 from witnesses and victims of atrocities carried out by Islamic State forces. The incidents include torture, rapes, kidnappings, murder, forced conversions, bombings and the destruction of religious property and monuments.
“Murder of Christians is commonplace. Many have been killed in front of their own families,” said the report, titled “Genocide Against Christians in the Middle East.”
It cites statements from religious leaders, including Pope Francis, and conclusions from the European Parliament, the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom and the Iraqi and Kurdish governments, all of which have labeled the Islamic State’s actions as genocide.
The report includes a legal brief directed toward Kerry detailing the case for a genocide designation.
Pope Francis last year condemned what he called “genocide” of Christians in part of the Middle East, noting:
“Today we are dismayed to see how in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world many of our brothers and sisters are persecuted, tortured and killed for their faith in Jesus,” he said,according to Firstpost. “In this third world war, waged piecemeal, which we are now experiencing, a form of genocide is taking place, and it must end.”
10 March 2016
In this image from last year, Syrian refugees wait on the Syrian side of the border near Sanliurfa, Turkey. A new report says a quarter million children in Syria are at risk from the
ongoing civil war. (photo: CNS/Sedat/Suna, EPA)
Report: Syrian children at risk from ongoing war (Vatican Radio) A new report from humanitarian aid agency Save the Children says more than a quarter million children in besieged areas of Syria are at daily risk from the ongoing civil war...
Iraq’s President: Christians are “original” members of our nation (Fides) Christians are “original members” of Iraq, as evidenced by the ancient monasteries scattered throughout the country. And jihadi groups, such as Daesh, have raged not only against them but also against Muslim populations, as evidenced by Muslim victims — even Sunni — and the Islamic Caliphate mosques destroyed in Mosul. This is how Iraqi President Fouad Masum, of ethnic Kurd, called the current plight of Christians in Iraq, threatened by sectarian rifts and engaged in conflict with the self-styled Islamic State that have settled in Mosul since June 2014...
‘Terror rampage’ leaves one dead, 13 injured in Israel (Haaretz) Two Palestinian gunmen who fired at an Israeli bus in Jerusalem on Wednesday morning were shot and killed by Israeli forces after a car chase over several miles. A bystander was seriously wounded in the shootout. There were no injuries on the bus. Shortly after that incident, a 16-year-old male Palestinian was shot and killed after he tried to stab a soldier at an army position near the Palestinian village of Salfit...
Bishop calls Catholic silence on Middle East “massive failure” (CNS) An American bishop has called the silence of Catholics on the ongoing wars in the Middle East a massive failure. “The most massive failure of the Catholic community at all levels in the past 20 years has been to address the question of our ongoing involvement in the Middle East,” according to San Diego Bishop Robert W. McElroy. “What is particularly fascinating and troubling is all three recent popes were clearly opposed to the wars, yet at no level in the Catholic community was there any major opposition or sustained witness,” he said. “It’s like the dog that didn’t bark...”
Direct food aid programs in Ethiopia often fail (The Guardian) Our experience in Ethiopia — and more than 40 other countries facing the world’s toughest challenges — shows that massive direct food aid programmes often fail. Direct food aid — importing emergency food rations on a large scale — overrides local efforts to produce and distribute food, and tends to damage local and national resilience rather than support it...
9 March 2016
People line up for confession with retired priests at a retreat center near Irinjalakuda, India. Retired priests are continuing to minister to Catholics in India. Learn how in Redefining Retirement in the March 2009 edition of ONE. (photo: Peter Lemieux)
9 March 2016
In this image from 4 March, Apostolic Nuncio to Iraq and Jordan, Archbishop Alberto Ortega Martin arrives to visit the Ashti camp which houses displaced Iraqis who fled the violence in the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi officials say they are expecting another influx of refugees with an upcoming offensive to retake Mosul. (photo: Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images)
Iraq expects new flood of refugees (Anadolu Agency) Iraqi officials are preparing for a new wave of refugees following an anticipated offensive to retake Mosul, a senior Iraqi official told Anadolu Agency on Wednesday. “Iraqi authorities have decided to set up three refugee camps on the outskirts of Mosul,” Noureddin Qablan, deputy chief of Nineveh city council, said. “We wanted to take all the necessary measures to avoid a repetition of past tragedies...”
Heartfelt appeal of missionary in Ethiopia: “The country is dying of thirst” (Fides) Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa and one of the world's poorest. Over 400,000 children suffer from severe malnutrition and in recent months drought has severely increased. It is expected that at the end of April, some areas will remain permanently without water. “I have been a missionary in Ethiopia for almost 10 years and this is the first time the Country is dying of thirst,” says Father Christopher Hartley in a note sent to Agenzia Fides...
Promotion of lay Catholics, commitment to dialogue are priorities in India (Fides) “There is need for on-going formation for the laity to enable them to understand and to live their role in the Church,” said Archbishop Salvatore Pennacchio, Nuncio Apostolic to India and Nepal, when he addressed the Plenary Assembly of the Latin Catholic Bishops of India. “In today’s socio-political scenario,” he explained, “it is fundamental to recognise the dignity of lay Catholics and the importance of their participation in the Church. Moreover Christian testimony in a pluralistic society means commitment to fruitful dialogue among persons of different beliefs, religions and cultures...”
Who is really taking Christian homes in Iraq? (Al-Monitor) Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units grouping is taking much of the heat for the seizure of Christians’ properties in Baghdad and other provinces. But the organization is trying to counter the claims by tackling the problem itself...
ISIS threatens “apostate Putin” in new video (Newsweek) Islamist group Islamic State (ISIS) has threatened “Putin the apostate” with an imminent attack on Russian soil in a new propaganda video. Since Russia began air strikes on ISIS and other anti-government targets in Syria during the last week of September 2015, there has been a concentrated anti-Russian backlash from the group. It claimed responsibility for downing the Russian passenger plane above Egypt in October and has continued to post Russian-language propaganda videos...
8 March 2016
Pope Francis, along with senior members of the Roman Curia, listen as Servite Father Ermes Ronchi, an Italian theologian, delivers his meditation during a weeklong Lenten retreat in Ariccia, Italy, on 7 March. (photo: CNS/L’Osservatore Romano)
8 March 2016
Tags: Pope Francis
Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael delivers a speech during the inauguration ceremony of a new Chaldean church on the outskirts of Paris on 6 March. (photo: Matthieu Alexandre/AFP/Getty Images)
Patriarch: No ‘Christian militia’ to free land occupied by jihadists (Fides) Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I has distanced himself definitively from groups within Christian communities asserting the necessity to defend their own community rights and fight jihadists by forming armed groups...
Syrian refugees despairing after five years of war (Voice of America) Many families are crowded into small cement block units, or tents, and there is not much to do. The pressure of living that way year after year is taking its toll. “These refugees have been staying in tents, and you can imagine the issues that we have, be it psychological, or even domestic violence. You have the whole family of seven people living in a small tent,” said Tanya Kareem, head of the UNHCR sub-office in Dohuk, northern Iraq. With the war in Syria about to enter its sixth year, donor fatigue is setting in. Ms. Kareem said funding constraints are affecting what UNHCR can do for the refugees…
Remembering India’s Christian martyrs should be a priority (Crux) Pope Francis often talks about the “ecumenism of blood” that anti-Christian persecution creates, driving Christians toward deeper unity because of the realization that denominational differences mean nothing to their persecutors. There’s probably no better place on earth to make that point than Kandhamal, India…
Vatican announces consistory to approve canonization of Mother Teresa (CNS) Pope Francis will preside over a consistory to approve the canonization of five men and women, including Blessed Teresa of Kolkata, the Vatican announced. The 15 March consistory will also determine the approval of canonization of Argentine “gaucho priest,” Blessed Jose Gabriel del Rosario Brochero and Blessed Jose Sanchez del Rio, a 14-year-old Mexican boy martyred for refusing to renounce his faith during the Cristero War of the 1920’s, the Vatican said 7 March. The meeting of cardinals and promoters of the sainthood causes, also known as an “ordinary public consistory,” formally ends the process of approving a new saint…
Starving animals put up for sale at Gaza zoo (Reuters) A Gaza zoo owner is putting the last of his starving animals up for sale. Muhammad Oweida once hosted family and school outings at his zoo in Khan Younis in the southern part of the Palestinian territory. But war and economic hardship intervened to turn the venture into what is now a sad collection of 15 emaciated animals that he can no longer afford to feed. “I have to sell them in order to save them,” said Mr. Oweida, 24, sitting near the cage of a tiger who had not eaten in four days…
7 March 2016
Tags: Syria India Gaza Strip/West Bank Indian Christians Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I
In this image from 2006, children welcome visitors to the Our Lady of Armenia Boghossian Educational Center. To learn more about the faith that is flourishing in Armenia, read A New Start for Armenia’s Catholics from the January 2006 edition of ONE. (photo: Armineh Johannes)
7 March 2016
Pope Francis meets with His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk, of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, on 5 March at the Vatican. (photo: L’Osservatore Romano)
Rebels clash in Syria ahead of peace talks (The Guardian) Rebels fighting to overthrow the government of President Bashar al-Assad have clashed with Kurdish paramilitaries in Aleppo, in some of Syria’s most intense fighting since a truce brokered by international powers came into effect late last month. Despite the weekend fighting, talks aimed at reaching a political deal to end the five-year conflict appear set to resume, with a top official for the umbrella opposition group saying it would likely send a delegation to Geneva...
Pope expresses gratitude to Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has written a letter of thanks and gratitude to His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk, Major Archbishop of Kiev and Head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The Archbishop, together with other members of the Permanent Synod of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church have been meeting in Rome and released a statement in which they affirmed communion with the Catholic Church. They were received in audience by the Pope on Saturday...
Archbishop Shevchuk interview: Pope shares suffering of Ukraine (Vatican Radio) After his meeting with Pope Francis on Saturday, the head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Major Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk, spoke to Vatican Radio’s Ukrainian section...
Bracing for what could be Iraq’s bloodiest battle (CBS News) For more than a year, the Iraqi military and its allies have been talking about and preparing for an operation to try and take back the country’s second-largest city from ISIS. No date has been set for an offensive to retake Mosul, which sits about 250 miles north of Baghdad, on the edge of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdistan region. But Kurdish peshmerga soldiers, who have been the most effective force against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria in northern Iraq, are getting closer...
Indian police detain three after gang torches church (PressTV) Police have detained at least three suspects after a gang attacked a church in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh, officials say. Chief Badri Narayan, a local police chief, said on Sunday that law enforcement agencies arrested at least three men over the attack, which took place in Kachna village near Raipur, the state capital of Chhattisgarh. Several women and children were injured after a group of about 50 men barged into the church during Sunday Mass...
Georgetown forum looks at rise of anti-Semitism (CNS) A 29 February symposium marking the start of Georgetown University’s new Center for Jewish Civilization took note of a precarious future faced by many of Europe’s Jews. Anti-Semitic attacks are on the rise in their intensity, and some governments seem either unwilling or unable to protect their nation’s Jews, some panelists said at the forum, “Understanding Contemporary European Anti-Semitism...”